Black Apple

Black Apple

Common name of tree Black apple / Yellow Buttonwood
Indigenous name of treeJerra-wa-wah (in NSW)
Average life of tree ?? unknown at this point
Years until first fruits3-5 years
Fruiting seasonSeptember – November, every couple of years
Number of years tree will fruit?? unknown at this point
Type of fruitBlack-skinned, whitish to pinish fleshed edible drupe with large seeds (seeds likely edible)
Country/region of originAustralia, Illawarra NSW to Central QLD (rainforest)
Average rainfall in home range1000-1700 mm
Latin name
Planchonella australis, synonym Pouteria australis
Other products/benefits Cabinet wood, carving wood
Shape of tree/profile Tall fluted trunk with dense canopy
diameter of trunk (DBH)
extent of canopy
10-12 garden,  12-30m rainforest
up to 1.2 m
6-8 m garden,  8-10 m rainforest
Challenges or special requirements·         fruit can get maggots

·         when young needs protection from afternoon sun

·         eliminate grass competition

·         enjoys fertiliser

·         likes well drained soil

·         first flowers are female, appearing in spring, male flowers following shortly after – self pollinating

Interesting facts·         Fluted trunk, can be slightly buttressed

·         Bark is a reddish brown colour, roughish texture

·         Pale green cylindrical flowers

·         leaves are hairless, dark green and glossy on top, paler but also shiny underside

Personal experienceForaged fruits at Dingo Tops

Wild Food Plants of Australia, Tim Low

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About The Author


I spend most of my time questioning the status quo and working out how to encourage others to do the same. I am an artist, mainly making installation sculpture and ephemeral artworks.

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2 thoughts on “Black Apple

  1. Hi I have a few Black Apple seeds and want to germinate them. My daughter has 50 acres in Pappinbarra NSW and they would like me to germinate the seeds to be planted on their property.
    I cannot see anywhere there is advice the best way to germinate these seeds. I realise there may be better ways to get a good result. Can you advise me of this please?
    I have been unable to pruchase any seedlings from nursery websites.
    kind regards
    Jan Hill

  2. I have grown from this plant from seed (with no pre-treatment or fertilizers) & found it emerged when conditions were favourable (ie. enough rain to keep soil moist) & was tough enough to endure droughts (which caused black mildew & appeared to die-off)…this plant has surprised me by surviving & thriving whenever the soil stays moist!

    I think it would make a fantastic crop due because it is so hardy. Great choice!

    P.S. I found some info about growing conditions, propagation & more…

    Atlas of Living Australia –

    Dave’s Garden –

    Garden Tags –

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