Mango – Magnifera Indica
Average expected life of tree, in years, from sprout to death (approx. numbers)
Mango Trees can live to 300 years plus. They have been known to still produce fruit after this “ripe old age”.
Years until trees first fruit (i.e. some trees fruit within a few years, others can take decades)
A slow growing tree to maturity, a mango can take 5-8 years to fruit for trees grown from seed. 3-4 years for grafted trees. A single tree produces both male and female flowers, negating the need to plant more than one if the sole purpose is fruit production.
Season of year when productive tree fruits (i.e. Summer, Autumn, Winter Spring or combo i.e. Su/Au)
Mango fruit are typically harvested during Summer in the tropics. It takes 4-5 months for fruit to set, grow and ripen. Once mature a healthy tree can produce 200+ mangoes in one season. This varies with age and which variety the tree is.
Expected or average number years tree expected to fruit for once it begins. (i.e. year 8 to 20 = 12 yrs)
Mango Trees have been recorded fruiting after 300 years of growth. However, commercially they can be in production for 40 years or more. Proving they are a long-lived, long fruiting tree.
Country/area of origin
The Mango originates from India/SE Asia.
Average annual rainfall in area of origin
As stated previously, Mangoes originate in India. The average rainfall per annum varies with the regions. 650mm (25.6 in) is the maximum in the Southern and Eastern regions, however in the North-West of India the average is as low as 200mm (7.8 in).
Latin name of tree and family
The Latin name of this majestic beauty is Magnifera Indica, belonging to the family Anacardiaceae, (pronounced “ana-cardy-ay-see-eye”).
Any other products, benefits, useful or interesting facts about tree:
A single Mango tree can be useful in many ways. From the typical provision of fruit, to the base structure of a tree house. It’s large, shady branches can provide protection to livestock and a wind break to smaller crops. Finally it’s timber can be used to build furniture etc.
Depending on space available and motivation to employ these uses will dictate it’s multi purpose. However useful, one must appreciate the sheer beauty of a tree that will potentially be around much longer than ourselves.
Height, width and shape of tree at maturity.
A fully matured Mango Tree can grow up to 40meters high. It’s arbour diameter averages around 20-25meters. The trunk can develop to a 90cm diameter (2.8m circumference). The leaves are a rich, glossy green that can grow to 30cm.
Challenges or special requirements, such as needing other varieties in order to fruit
It seems in early stages of development, Mangoes are susceptible to cold weather and disease. It is best to plant in full sun, to allow any dew or rain to evaporate quickly, preventing fungal disease/infection.
Common and detrimental diseases include Anthracnose, Powdery Mildew and Mango Malformation Disease. Most can be prevented by either planting disease resistant strains or by using a fungicide such as sulphur or copper. Pests such as Mites and Scale can also be a problem, prevented by using a neem oil treatment at first detection.
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