Average expected life of tree in years from sprout to death

Commercially cultivated banana plants will usually produce healthy shoots from the rhizome for about six years, according to Purdue University. So, it can be said that a banana plant lives for six years, if you consider the rhizome to be the plant.

Multiple suckers sprout from the banana corm to replace the mother plant. The mother plant fruits and then dies off. Usually one sucker is kept and all the others are cut off at ground level. Shoots growing from the corm produce pseudostems that yield bananas for about five to six years. The production of bananas from the rapidly growing banana plants begins to fall off after the fourth year.

Years until trees 1st fruit

It takes between nine and 12 months for a banana plant to produce a flower after being planted, and it takes another two to three months for the bananas to ripen after that. Once this cycle is completed, the mother plant dies. For this reason, it may be said that on average, according to the growth cycle, a banana plant lives for 13 months. However, the mother plant, while producing bananas, is also producing pups, or tiny baby plants that grow around the base of the main plant.

Season of year when productive tree fruits

Bananas will fruit all year. Bananas will grow more slowly in colder weather. The entire growing period must remain frost free for the banana plant to produce fruit

Expected or average number years tree expected to fruit for once it begins

1-6 years per corm.

Country/area of origin

Archeologists have focused on the Kuk valley of New Guinea around 8,000 BCE (Before Common Era) as the area where humans first domesticated the banana.  Additionally, though this is the first known location of banana domestication, other spontaneous domestication projects may have occurred throughout the Southeast Asia and the South Pacific.  Therefore, Kuk is the first known instance of banana domestication, but it is probably not the cradle from which all other domesticated species sprang.

Average annual rainfall in area of origin

2577mm (Mt Hagen, PNG)

Latin name of tree and family

Almost all modern cultivated varieties (cultivars) of edible bananas and plantains are hybrids and polyploids of two wild, seeded banana species, Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana. Cultivated bananas are almost always seedless (parthenocarpic) and hence sterile, so they are propagated vegetatively.

Bananas are perennial herbs. (Gingers, heliconias and bird-of-paradise flowers are distant relatives of bananas. They are in the same order, Zingiberales.)

Any other products, benefits, useful or interesting facts about of tree

  • They make great windbreaks or screens,
  • they can keep the sun of the hot western side of your house,
  • they utilize the water and nutrients in waste drains (think washing water or outdoor shower),
  • the leaves can be fed to horses, cows and other grazers,
  • the dried remains of the trunks can be used for weaving baskets and mats.
  • Leaves can be used as ‘plates’ and wrappers

Height, width and shape of tree at maturity (in meters)

Cultivated banana plants vary in height depending on the variety and growing conditions. Most are around 5 m (16 ft) tall, with a range from ‘Dwarf Cavendish’ plants at around 3 m (10 ft) to ‘Gros Michel’ at 7 m (23 ft) or more. Leaves are spirally arranged and may grow 2.7 metres (8.9 ft) long and 60 cm (2.0 ft) wide.


Diameter of trunk

300mm – 600mm

Arbour (the tree foliage)



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