My tree friend, the Mangifera Indica

My tree friend, the Mangifera Indica

Mangifera Indica 

a) Average expected life of tree, in years, from sprout to death (approx numbers)

Long-lived tree as some specimens still fruit after 300 years

b) Years until trees first fruit (ie some trees fruit within a few years, others can take decades)

Seedling trees 5-8 years, trees that are grafted 3-4 years.

c) Season of year when productive tree fruits (ie Summer, Autumn, Winter Spring or combo ie Su/Au)

Summer, some will give a double crop. Fruit takes 4-5 months from flowering to ripen.

d) Expected or average number years tree expected to fruit for once it begins. (ie year 8 to 20 = 12 yrs)

Year 3-300

e) Country/area of origin


f) Average annual rainfall in area of origin


g) Latin name of tree and family

Mangifera Indica, family of Anacardiaceae

h) Any other products, benefits, useful or interesting facts about of tree:

One their fruit bearing lifespan has finished, mango trees can be converted to lumber. The wood is susceptible to damage from fungi and insect. The wood is used for musical instruments such as ukuleles, plywood and low-cost furniture. The wood is also know to produce phenolic substances that can cause contact dermatitis.

Extracts of the bark, leaves, stems and unripe fruit have demonstrated antibiotic properties in vitro, and are used in traditional medicine.

ie good shade tree or wind break, good cabinet, building or fire wood, fire resistant, flood or drought  tolerant. For example in Australia we have a challenge with termites that do a lot of damage eating wooden structures, there are certain woods that are naturally white ant resistant that allow a more reliable building without utilising white ant poison like is often done.

i) Height, width and shape of tree at maturity.

Mango trees grow to 35-40m tall with an umbrella shaped crown radius of 10m. The taproot descends to a depth of 6m, with profuse, wide spreading feeder roots and anchor roots penetrating deep into the soil. He diameter of the trunk is about 90cm. Evergreen leaves, alternate, simple 15-35cm long and 6-16cm broad. Young leaves ae orange-pink, rapidly changing to a dark glossy red, then dark green as they mature. The flowers are produced in terminal panicles 10-40cm long, each flower is small and white with 5 petals 5-10mm long, with a sweet fragrance. Over 500 varieties of mangoes are known. Mango trees make good shade trees and are self-fertile so a single tree will produce fruit without cross-pollination.

Please find measure for both diameter of trunk and also arbour (the tree foliage)  Note the profile shape is important for later design work, some trees have an overhanging canopy with bare trunk that can be walked around, others have foliage from base to top and in all sorts of patterns and densities.

j) challenges or special requirements, such as needing other varieties in order to fruit



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