The Carob Tree

  1. carob tree drawing
  2. Life expectancy from seed to death can be around the 200 year mark. Often longer.
  1. The Carob Tree often doesn’t fruit till it is around 8 years old. The fruit is a dark brown flatten pod. 13-30cm long and about 2.5cm wide which contains a sweet chocolate like pulp and several seeds. Seeds are ground down into a powder.
  2. Carob pods are ready for harvest in Autumn.
  3. The carob tree will continue to fruit for as long as 200 years. Bearing heavy crops of carob pods from about 20 years old.
  4. Country of origin is the Middle East/Mediterranean.
  5. In the Middle East the Carob tree gets around 30cm of rain per year so it is quite drought tolerant.
  6. Latin name is Ceratonia Siliqua. Family Name is Caesalpiniaceae.
  7. The carob is an evergreen tree often used as a shade tree.
  8. Its quite popular as a shade tree on farms as the leaves can be used as fodder for animals.
  9. Makes beautiful furniture.
  10. The seeds are 35% gum which is known as locust bean gum and is used as a thickener in many products such as cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, industrial oil and in food.
  11. Italians use the seeds to make rosary beads.
  12. The gum is used by the Egyptians to bind their mummies.
  13. The carob tree is part of the legume family.
  14. Tolerant of most soils except clay as it likes good drainage.
  15. Very pest resistant.
  16. Height is usually a minimum of 15 meters and the width of the foliage is the same. Often the shape of the arbor is more of a triangle. Trunk diameter is about 85cm by 20 years of age. Leaves are 2.5-6.5cm in length, dark green and leathery. The foliage sits higher up the trunk leaving the trunk free to walk around.
  17. In the wild the female tree is the fruiting one so there would need to be a mix of male and female trees. However now, carob trees you buy from the nursery are supposed to be a male/female mix so you should only need 1 tree to gain fruit.

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